The term, French Provincial, is usually associated with simplified furniture of the Louis XV or Rococo style. However, plain furniture was made in the provinces in all times and styles, usually of walnut, oak, or fruit wood.
Provincial furniture is simpler in line than the prevailing high fashion and rarely veneered or decorated with marquetry or ornate carving.
"The buffet and cupboard forms are the most important provincial types... The armoire also developed in variety according to local usage... Straw-seated chairs ... The panetiere, or breadbox, is universal, as are wall shelves and knife boxes." - The New Encyclopedia of Furniture, by Joseph Aronson. Crown Publishers, 1967, p. 231.